Hegel revealed, developed, brought a conceptual framework of dialectics into system. And it was not the rigid system of concepts with the invariable, once and for all set, sharply outlined values. Philosophical concepts as if" melted", became flexible, capable to express mobile communications, transitions, development of the world.
The dialectics acts as the outlook and a method which is most corresponding to creative spirit and humanistic character of modern science and culture. Today it forms a basis of new thinking and knowledge.
Any development proceeds, according to Hegel, according to a certain scheme: statement or polaganiye (thesis), denial of this statement (antithesis) and, at last, denial denial, removal of contrasts (synthesis). In synthesis the thesis and the antithesis from which there is a new qualitative consciousness are as if tried on among themselves.
If essence — it something the general, the phenomenon — single, expressing only some moment of essence. If the essence is something deep, the phenomenon — external, richer, colourful. The essence — is something steady and necessary, and the phenomenon — this passing changeable, casual. The phenomenon is how the essence proves outside, in interaction with all other.
Formation of dialectics went a long way. Distinguish dialectics of ancient philosophers, idealistic dialectics of classical German philosophy and materialistic dialectics from historical forms of dialectics. The statement of ideas of development significantly changed a view of the world: it began to be comprehended not as a set ready" things", repetition of the same cycles and as set of the processes developed in time, having roots in the past and sent to the future.
The quantity — is the characteristic of the phenomena, subjects, processes on extent of development or intensity of properties inherent in it expressed in sizes and numbers." Equalizing" of qualitative distinctions of subjects, reduction them to some unity does possible measurement.
Idealistic representation that the source of any development — both the nature, and society, and human understanding — is concluded in self-development of concept is the cornerstone of Hegel's dialectics, so, has the logical spiritual nature. According to Hegel," only in concept the truth has elements of the existence" and therefore the dialectics of concepts determines by itself dialectics of things — processes in the nature and society. The last (dialectics of things) is, according to Hegel, the form of original dialectics," concept life" inherent only only reflected" aloof"," ".
Quality — such definiteness of a subject which characterizes it as this subject possessing set of properties inherent in it and belonging to a class of the subjects, same with it. When losing qualitative definiteness the subject stops being by itself, gains the new lines defining its belonging already to other class of subjects.